China’s medical field began to conduct human organ transplantation in the 1960s. Our hospital survey found that there was tremendous development in China’s human organ transplant industry after 1999. Within just a few years, China was performing more transplants than any other country in the world.1
Since 2000, the development of organ transplantation technology has been continuously incorporated into the National Five-Year Plans for multiple industries,2 3 4 5 6 the National Key Basic Research and Development Program (973 Program),7 and the National High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program).8 Most of the 169 approved transplant centers have received funding from national, military, and civilian research and development funds.
The exponential rise of human organ transplant surgery in China coincided with the start of the Chinese Communist Party’s campaign to wipe out Falun Gong.9
Falun Gong is a meditation practice that revolves around ancient Chinese traditions of health and self-improvement based upon the universal principles of truthfulness, compassion, and tolerance.
By the end of the 1990s, the Chinese government estimated that over 70 million people were practicing Falun Gong.10 On July 20, 1999, the former Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin saw the group’s popularity and revival of traditional values as a threat to his rule and launched a violent campaign to “bankrupt them financially, ruin their reputations, and destroy them physically.”11
Since the very beginning of the persecution, Falun Gong practitioners have appealed to government departments in their respective provinces and in Beijing, only to be arrested en masse and tortured.
The Public Security Bureau in Beijing determined that, as of April 2001, a total of 830,000 Falun Gong practitioners had been registered or arrested, not including those who refused to give their names to police to avoid implicating their families or people in their workplaces and neighborhoods.12 The unidentified practitioners were not sent back to their hometowns.13 More practitioners were rounded up all across China.
According to a report by China’s justice department, China had 670 operating prisons in 2004, holding a total of more than 1.5 million inmates.14 15 There were also 300 forced labor camps in operation before the laojiao system of RTL (Re-education Through Labor) camps was abolished at the end of 2013.16 The Laogai Research Foundation stated in 2010 that as many as 3 to 5 million people were imprisoned in laogai camps.17
The US Congressional Executive Committee on China’s annual report for 200818 noted that international observers believed that half of those incarcerated in China’s forced labor camps were Falun Gong practitioners. Ethan Gutmann estimates that Falun Gong constituted about half of the laogai system in 2001 and then leveled off to 15 to 20% over the long term, translating to about 500,000 to 1,000,000 Falun Gong practitioners being detained in the laogai system at any given time.19
Many detention centers were built or expanded all over China to contain the large number of Falun Gong practitioners who were arrested and detained. The Chinese Communist Party also made use of military and underground civil defense facilities to establish holding units for Falun Gong practitioners.20 21 These practitioners have disappeared, both legally and practically.
Policy of Destruction
On August 21, 2000, the Chinese Ministry of Public Security held a nationwide telephone conference to relay new orders that the practice of Falun Gong was to be eradicated in three months.22 Du Daobin of Hubei Province reported in May 2003 that the local 610 Office, the Communist Party office charged with the repression of Falun Gong, had received instructions that stated, “no law regulates the treatment of Falun Gong practitioners,” and “deaths of Falun Gong practitioners from beating are nothing and shall be counted as suicide; the bodies shall be directly cremated without investigating the person’s identification.”23
On October 9, 1984, the Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Civil Affairs jointly promulgated the “Provisional Regulations on the Use of Corpses or the Organs of Executed Prisoners.”24 It allowed the bodies and organs of prisoners to be used under certain conditions.
During the persecution of Falun Gong, perpetrators used the “Provisional Regulations” to justify that the families of practitioners killed could not claim the bodies of their loved ones. The Regulations contains a loophole that allows for the sourcing of organs from Falun Gong practitioners without either their consent or the consent of their family members, whether or not they have been sentenced to death.
This regulation paved the way for forced organ harvesting and the unlawful sale of bodies. The China International Transplantation Network Assistance Center (CITNAC) said on its website,
“Being able to complete such a number of organ transplant operations is inseparable from the government’s support. The Chinese government’s Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate, Public Security system, judicial system, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Civil Affairs jointly promulgated laws on October 9, 1984 and established that organ procurement would be an activity supported by the government. This is a one of a kind in the world.”25
Cases of practitioners’ bodies being cremated without the consent of their families continue to be reported on Minghui.org.
In detention centers, Falun Gong practitioners are frequently given blood tests and medical examinations, while other prisoners (with the exception of Uyghurs, Tibetans and certain House Christian groups who were also targeted) receive no such examinations. Such examinations are a prerequisite for determining an individual’s suitability for organ sourcing.
During the investigation, Ethan Gutmann interviewed over 50 Falun Gong practitioners who had been detained in labor camps and prisons in China, most of whom were forcibly given blood tests and unusual examinations. Many similar cases were recorded in Matas and Kilgour’s book, Bloody Harvest. The website Minghui.org publishes firsthand accounts of Falun Gong practitioners all over China who have been subjected to such examinations.
In April 2014, in Guizhou, Liaoning, Hunan, Hubei, Beijing and other locations, police entered practitioners’ homes and forcibly took blood samples and cheek swabs. The policemen claimed to be following orders from above.26 In one month, sixteen practitioners in the Dandong area of Liaoning Province had blood samples forcibly collected by police.27
"The notice on the Ministry of Health issued health Tenth Five-Year Plan Source: 110.com, source: The Ministry of Health, Dated: 2001-07-23， Status: valid"
卫生部关于印发卫生事业第十个五年计划纲要的通知 法律法规网/来源：卫生部 状态:有效 发布日期:2001-07-23
"The Tenth Five-Year Plan on Chinese Health Technology Development and 2010 Vision Plan The National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of China 2004-06-03"
中国卫生科技发展第十个五年计划及2010年远景规划纲要 中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会 2004-06-03
"Ministry of Health issued the National Key Technology Research and Development Program of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan to support four projects Guidelines for application"
"Meeting Minutes on the 12th Five-year Plan Strategy Study Workshop – National High-tech R&D Program of China (863 Program) on Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering"
863计划干细胞与组织工程 - “十二五”战略研讨会会议纪要
"The project start meeting of 863 Program on the fielf of biology and modern medical was held in Beijing 2012-07-31"
https://archive.is/npahC “十二五”863计划生物和医药技术领域现代医学技术主题项目启动会在京召开 2012-07-31
"National Key Basic Research and Development Program (973 Program)."
"National High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program)."
"Bloody Harvest 20) A policy of persecution David Matas, David Kilgour"
"Number of Falun Gong practitioners in China in 1999: at least 70 million – See more at:"
"Bloody Harvest: Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China (Revised Edition) January 1, 2007 David Matas, David Kilgour"
《血淋淋的器官摘取——关于指控中共摘取法轮功学员器官的独立调查报告修订版》 作者：大卫·麦塔斯及大卫·乔高, 2007年1月 第 16页
"Bloody Harvest 23) Massive arrests David Matas, David Kilgour"
"Bloody Harvest 25) Unidentified David Matas, David Kilgour"
"More than 670 prisons in China detain more than 1.5 million inmates Chinanews.com October 26, 2004"
中国监狱670多所在押150多万人 罪犯改好率超90% Chinanews.com 2004年10月26日
"The Sixth Annual Conference of International Corrections and Prisons Association Held in Beijing"
"More than 300 labor camps and more than 50,000 detention police facing function and job transition Yanzhao Evening News November 21, 2013"
"The Laogai: Exercising Dictatorship Over Dissent"
"Congressional-Executive Commission on China – 2008 Annual Report"
"The Slaughter: Mass Killings, Organ Harvesting and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem Ethan Gutmann (August 2014)"
"On the Chinese Communist Party’s Murder Industry in Recent Years, Part 1 Source: Minghui.org May 5, 2006"
"Voice record of phone call investigation to Zhou Yongkang Source: World Organization to Investigate the persecution of Falun Gong May 29, 2008"
"Chinese Gov’t Plan to “Eradicate Falun Gong in 3 Months” August 30, 2000 (Falun Dafa Information Center)"
"“My conscience forbids me to keep silent any longer” AFAR Association for Asian Research, 12/5/2003"
"Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Civil Affairs Interim Provisions on the Use of Organs from Executed Prisoners Source: 110.com October 9, 1984"
最高人民法院, 最高人民检察院, 公安部, 司法部, 卫生部, 民政部关于利用死刑罪犯尸体或尸体器官的暂行规定
"China International Transplantation Network Assistance Center (CITNAC) – Actual situation"
"Falun Gong Practitioners Forced to Submit to Blood Tests"
"Dandong Police Claimed It Is a “Task” to Forcibly Perform Blood Tests on Falun Gong Practitioners Terrible Secret Lies Behind, Source: The Epoch Times"
丹东警察 称是“任务” 法轮功学员被强验血成任务 背后藏惊天秘密 《大纪元时报》